A* 

A* Search Algorithm

A/B Testing 

A statistical method for comparing two or more treatments or algorithms

A3C 

Asynchronous Advantage ActorCritic

ABAC 

AttributeBased Access Control

ACE 

Alternating conditional expectation algorithm

ACO 

Ant Colony Optimization

AdA 

Adaptive Agent

Adam 

Adaptive Moment Estimation

ADASYN 

Adaptive Synthetic Sampling

ADT 

Automatic Drum Transcription

AE 

Autoencoder

AGC 

Adaptive Gradient Clipping

AGI 

Artificial general intelligence

AI 

Artificial intelligence

AIaaS 

Artificial Intelligence as a Service

AIWPSO 

Adaptive Inertia Weight Particle Swarm Optimization

AL 

Active Learning

AM 

Activation maximization

AMR 

Abstract Meaning Representation

AMT 

Automatic Music Transcription

ANI 

Artificial Narrow Intelligence

ANN 

Artificial neural network

ANOVA 

Analysis of variance

API 

Application Programming Interface

AR 

Augmented reality

ARNN 

Anticipation Recurrent Neural Network

ASI 

Artificial superintelligence

ASIC 

ApplicationSpecific Integrated Circuit

ASR 

Automatic speech recognition

AST 

Automated speech translation

AUC 

Area Under the Curve

AutoML 

Automated Machine Learning

BB84 

A quantum key distribution protocol (named after its inventors, Bennett and Brassard, and the year 1984)

BBO 

BiogeographyBased Optimization

BCE 

Binary crossentropy

BDT 

Boosted Decision Tree

BERT 

Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers

BFS 

BreadthFirst Search

BI 

Business Intelligence

BiFPN 

Bidirectional Feature Pyramid Network

BILSTM 

Bidirectional Long ShortTerm Memory

BLEU 

Bilingual evaluation understudy

BN 

Bayesian Network

BNN 

Bayesian Neural Network

BO 

Bayesian Optimization

BP 

Backpropagation

BPE 

Byte Pair Encoding

BPMF 

Bayesian Probabilistic Matrix Factorization

BPN 

Backpropagation Neural Network

BPTT 

Backpropagation through time

BQML 

Big Query Machine Learning

BR 

BestResponse (in game theory)

BRDF 

Bidirectional reflectance distribution function

BRNN 

Bidirectional Recurrent Neural Network

BRR 

Bayesian ridge regression

CAD 

ComputerAided Design

CAE 

Contractive Autoencoder

CALA 

Continuous Actionset Learning Automata

CAM 

ComputerAided Manufacturing

CAPTCHA 

Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart

CART 

Classification And Regression Tree

CASE 

ComputerAided Software Engineering

CatBoost 

Categorical Boosting

CAV 

Concept Activation Vectors

CBAC 

ContentBased Access Control

CBI 

Counterfactual Bias Insertion

CBOW 

Continuous Bag of Words

CBR 

CaseBased Reasoning

CCA 

Canonical Correlation Analysis

CCC 

Canonical Correlation Coefficients

CCE 

Categorical crossentropy

CDBN 

Convolutional Deep Belief Networks

CE 

CrossEntropy

CEC 

Constant Error Carousel

CEGAR 

CounterexampleGuided Abstraction Refinement

CEGIS 

CounterexampleGuided Inductive Synthesis

CF 

Common Features

cGAN 

Conditional Generative Adversarial Network

CL 

Confident learning

CLIP 

Contrastive LanguageImage PreTraining

CLNN 

ConditionaL Neural Networks

CMA 

Covariance Matrix Adaptation

CMAES 

Covariance Matrix Adaptation Evolution Strategy

CMAC 

Cerebellar Model Articulation Controller

CMMs 

Conditional Markov Model

CNN 

Convolutional neural network

COINOR 

Computational Infrastructure for Operations Research

ConvNet 

Convolutional Neural Network

COT 

Chain of Thought

COTE 

Collective of TransformationBased Ensembles

COTP 

Chain of Thought Prompting

CP 

Constraint Programming

CPLEX 

An optimization solver (from "C" programming language and "simplex")

CPN 

Colored Petri Nets

CRBM 

Conditional Restricted Boltzmann Machine

CRF 

Conditional Random Field

CRFs 

Conditional Random Fields

CRNN 

Convolutional Recurrent Neural Network

CSLR 

Continuous Sign Language Recognition

CSP 

Constraint Satisfaction Problem

CSV 

Commaseparated values

CTLSTM 

Convolutional Transformer Long ShortTerm Memory

CTC 

Connectionist Temporal Classification

CTR 

Collaborative Topic Regression

CUDA 

Compute Unified Device Architecture

CV 

Computer Vision, Cross validation, Coefficient of variation

Cyc 

CycL and OpenCyc, a knowledge representation and reasoning system

D* 

Dynamic A* Search Algorithm

DAAF 

Data Augmentation and Auxiliary Feature

DaaS 

Data as a Service

DAE 

Denoising AutoEncoder or Deep AutoEncoder

DAML 

DARPA Agent Markup Language

DART 

Disturbance Aware Regression Tree

DBM 

Deep Boltzmann Machine

DBN 

Deep belief network

DBSCAN 

DensityBased Spatial Clustering of Applications with Noise

DCAI 

Datacentric AI

DCGAN 

Deep Convolutional Generative Adversarial Network

DCMDN 

Deep Convolutional Mixture Density Network

DDPG 

Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient

DE 

Differential evolution

DeconvNet 

DeConvolutional Neural Network

DeepLIFT 

Deep Learning Important FeaTures

DFS 

DepthFirst Search

DL 

Deep learning

DM 

Diffusion model

DNN 

Deep neural network

DP 

Dynamic Programming

DQN 

Deep QLearning

DR 

Detection Rate

DRL 

Deep Reinforcement Learning

DS 

Data Science

DSN 

Deep Stacking Network

DSR 

Deep Symbolic Reinforcement Learning

DSS 

Decision Support System

DSW 

Data Stream Warehousing

DT 

Decision Tree

DTD 

Deep Taylor Decomposition

DWT 

Discrete Wavelet Transform

EDA 

Exploratory data analysis

EKF 

Extended Kalman Filter

ELECTRA 

Efficiently Learning an Encoder that Classifies Token Replacements Accurately

ELM 

Extreme Learning Machine

ELMo 

Embeddings from Language Models

ELU 

Exponential Linear Unit

EM 

Expectation maximization

EMD 

Entropy Minimization Discretization

ERNIE 

Enhanced Representation through kNowledge IntEgration

ES 

Evolution Strategies

ESN 

Echo State Network

ETL 

Extract, Transform, Load

ETL Pipeline 

Extract Transform Load Pipeline

EXT 

Extremely Randomized Trees

F1 

F1 Score (harmonic mean of precision and recall)

F1 Score 

Harmonic PrecisionRecall Mean

FALA 

Finite Actionset Learning Automata

Fast RCNN 

Faster Regionbased Convolutional Neural Network

FC 

FullyConnected

FCCNN 

Fully Convolutional Convolutional Neural Network

FCLSTM 

Fully Connected Long ShortTerm Memory

FCM 

Fuzzy CMeans

FCN 

Fully Convolutional Network

FER 

Facial Expression Recognition

FFT 

Fast Fourier transform

FL 

Federated Learning

FLOP 

Floating Point Operations

FLOPS 

Floating Point Operations Per Second

FM 

Foundation model

FN 

False negative

FNN 

Feedforward Neural Network

FNR 

False negative rate

FOAF 

Friend of a Friend (ontology)

FP 

False positive

FPGA 

FieldProgrammable Gate Array

FPN 

Feature Pyramid Network

FPR 

False positive rate

FST 

Finite state transducer

FTL 

FewShot Learning

FWA 

Fireworks Algorithm

FWIoU 

Frequency Weighted Intersection over Union

GA 

Genetic Algorithm

GALE 

Global Aggregations of Local Explanations

GAM 

Generalized Additive Model

GAN 

Generative Adversarial Network

GAP 

Global Average Pooling

GBDT 

Gradient Boosted Decision Tree

GBM 

Gradient Boosting Machine

GBRCN 

GradientBoosting Random Convolutional Network

GD 

Gradient descent

GEBI 

Global Explanation for Bias Identification

GFNN 

Gradient frequency neural network

GLCM 

Gray Level Cooccurrence Matrix

GLM 

Generalized Linear Model

GLOM 

A neural network architecture by Geoffrey Hinton

Gloss2Text 

A task of transforming raw glosses into meaningful sentences.

GloVE 

Global Vectors

GLPK 

GNU Linear Programming Kit

GLUE 

General Language Understanding Evaluation

GMM 

Gaussian mixture model

GP 

Genetic Programming

GPR 

Gaussian process regression

GPT 

Generative PreTraining

GPU 

Graphics processing unit

GradCAM 

GRADientweighted Class Activation Mapping

GRU 

Gated recurrent unit

Gurobi 

An optimization solver (named after its founders, Zonghao Gu, Edward Rothberg, and Robert Bixby)

HamNoSys 

Hamburg Sign Language Notation System

HAN 

Hierarchical Attention Networks

HC 

Hierarchical Clustering

HCA 

Hierarchical Clustering Analysis

HDP 

Hierarchical Dirichlet process

HF 

Hugging Face

HHDS 

HipHop Dataset

hLDA 

Hierarchical Latent Dirichlet allocation

HMM 

Hidden Markov Model

HNN 

Hopfield Neural Network

HOG 

Histogram of Oriented Gradients (feature descriptor)

Hopfield 

Hopfield Network

HPC 

High Performance Computing

HRED 

Hierarchical Recurrent EncoderDecoder

HRI 

HumanRobot Interaction

HSMM 

Hidden SemiMarkov Model

HTM 

Hierarchical Temporal Memory

i.i.d 

Independent and Identically Distributed

i.i.d. 

Independently and identically distributed

IaaS 

Infrastructure as a Service

ICA 

Independent component analysis

ICP 

Iterative Closest Point (point cloud registration)

ID3 

Iterative Dichotomiser 3

IDA* 

Iterative Deepening A* Search Algorithm

IDR 

Input dependence rate

IG 

Invariant Generation

IID 

Independently and identically distributed

IIR 

Input independence rate

ILASP 

Inductive Learning of Answer Set Programs

ILP 

Integer Linear Programming

INFD 

Explanation Infidelity

IoA 

Internet of Agents

IoE 

Internet of Everything

IoT 

Internet of Things

IoU 

Jaccard index (intersection over union)

IR 

Information Retrieval

IRCoT 

Interleaving Retrieval CoT

ISIC 

International Skin Imaging Collaboration

IVR 

Interactive Voice Response

KMeans 

KMeans Clustering

KB 

Knowledge Base

KDE 

Kernel Density Estimation

KF 

Kalman Filter

kFCV 

Kfold cross validation

KL 

Kullback Leibler (KL) divergence

KNN 

Knearest neighbors

KR 

Knowledge Representation

KRR 

Kernel Ridge Regression

LAION 

Largescale Artificial Intelligence Open Network

LAMA 

LAnguage Model Analysis

LaMDA 

Language Models for Dialog Applications

LBP 

Local Binary Pattern (texture descriptor)

LDA 

Latent Dirichlet Allocation

LDADE 

Latent Dirichlet Allocation Differential Evolution

LEPOR 

Language Evaluation Portal

LightGBM 

Light Gradient Boosting Machine

LIME 

Local Interpretable Modelagnostic Explanations

LINGO 

A software for linear, nonlinear, and integer optimization

LL 

Lifelong learning

LLM 

Large language model

LLS 

Linear least squares

LMNN 

Large Margin Nearest Neighbor

LoLM 

Lots of Little Models

LP 

Linear Programming

LPAQA 

Language model Prompt And Query Archive

LRP 

Layerwise Relevance Propagation

LSA 

Latent semantic analysis

LSI 

Latent Semantic Indexing

LSTM 

Long shortterm memory

LSTMCRF 

Long ShortTerm Memory with Conditional Random Field

LTR 

Learning To Rank

LVQ 

Learning Vector Quantization

M2M 

Machine to Machine

MADE 

Masked Autoencoder for Distribution Estimation

MAE 

Mean absolute error

MAF 

Masked Autoregressive Flows

MAIRL 

MultiAgent Inverse Reinforcement Learning

MAP 

Maximum A Posteriori (MAP) Estimation

MAPE 

Mean absolute percentage error

MARL 

MultiAgent Reinforcement Learning

MART 

Multiple Additive Regression Tree

MaxEnt 

Maximum Entropy

MAXSAT 

Maximum Satisfiability Problem

MCLNN 

Masked ConditionaL Neural Networks

MCMC 

Markov Chain Monte Carlo

MCS 

Model contrast score

MCTS 

Monte Carlo Tree Search

MDL 

Minimum description length (MDL) principle

MDN 

Mixture Density Network

MDP 

Markov Decision Process

MDRNN 

Multidimensional recurrent neural network

MER 

Music Emotion Recognition

METEOR 

Metric for Evaluation of Translation with Explicit ORdering

MIL 

Multiple Instance Learning

MILP 

MixedInteger Linear Programming

MINT 

Mutual Information based Transductive Feature Selection

MIoU 

Mean Intersection over Union

MIP 

MixedInteger Programming

ML 

Machine learning

MLaaS 

Machine Learning as a Service

MLE 

Maximum Likelihood Estimation

MLLM 

Multimodal large language model

MLM 

Music Language Models

MLP 

MultiLayer Perceptron

MMI 

Maximum Mutual Information

MNIST 

Modified National Institute of Standards and Technology

MOEA 

MultiObjective Evolutionary Algorithm

MPA 

Mean Pixel Accuracy

MR 

Mixed Reality

MRF 

Markov Random Field

MRR 

Mean Reciprocal Rank

MRS 

Music Recommender System

MSDAE 

Modified Sparse Denoising Autoencoder

MSE 

Mean squared error

MSR 

Music Style Recognition

MTL 

MultiTask Learning

NARX 

Nonlinear AutoRegressive with eXogenous input (neural network model)

NAS 

Neural Architecture Search

NB 

Na ̈ıve Bayes

NBKE 

Na ̈ıve Bayes with Kernel Estimation

NDCG 

Normalized Discounted Cumulative Gain

NE 

Nash Equilibrium (in game theory)

NEAT 

NeuroEvolution of Augmenting Topologies

NER 

Named entity recognition

NERQ 

Named Entity Recognition in Query

NEST 

Neural Simulation Tool

NF 

Normalizing Flow

NFL 

No Free Lunch (NFL) theorem

NISQ 

Noisy IntermediateScale Quantum (quantum computing)

NLG 

Natural Language Generation

NLP 

Natural Language Processing

NLT 

Neural Machine Translation

NLU 

Natural Language Understanding

NMF 

Nonnegative matrix factorization

NMS 

Non Maximum Suppression

NMT 

Neural Machine Translation

NN 

Neural network

NNMODFF 

Neural Network based MultiOnset Detection Function Fusion

NPE 

Neural Physical Engine

NRMSE 

Normalized RMSE

NSGAII 

Nondominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II

NST 

Neural style transfer

NTM 

Neural Turing Machine

NuSVC 

NuSupport Vector Classification

NuSVR 

NuSupport Vector Regression

OBM 

One Big Model

OCR 

Optical character recognition

OD 

Object Detection

ODF 

Onset Detection Function

OIL 

Ontology Inference Layer

OLR 

Ordinary Linear Regression

OLS 

Ordinary Least Squares

OMNeT++ 

Objective Modular Network Testbed in C++

OMR 

Optical Mark Recognition

OOF 

Outoffold

ORB 

Oriented FAST and Rotated BRIEF (feature descriptor)

OWL 

Web Ontology Language

PA 

Pixel Accuracy

PaaS 

Platform as a Service

PACO 

Poisson Additive CoClustering

PaLM 

Pathways Language Model

PBAC 

PolicyBased Access Control

PCA 

Principal component analysis

PCL 

Point Cloud Library (3D perception)

PECS 

Physics Engine for Collaborative Simulation

PEGASUS 

Pretraining with Extracted GapSentences for Abstractive Summarization

PF 

Particle Filter

PFE 

Probabilistic facial embedding

PLSI 

Probabilistic Latent Semantic Indexing

PM 

Project Manager

PMF 

Probabilistic Matrix Factorization

PMI 

Pointwise Mutual Information

PNN 

Probabilistic Neural Network

POC 

Proof of Concept

POMDP 

Partially Observable Markov Decision Process

POS 

Part of Speech (POS) Tagging

POT 

Partially Observable Tree (decisionmaking under uncertainty)

PPL 

Perplexity (a measure of language model performance)

PPMI 

Positive Pointwise Mutual Information

PPO 

Proximal Policy Optimization

PReLU 

Parametric Rectified Linear UnitYor Topic Modeling

PRM 

Probabilistic Roadmap (motion planning algorithm)

PSO 

Particle Swarm Optimization

PU 

Positive Unlabaled

PYTM 

Pitman

QA 

Question Answering

QAOA 

Quantum Approximate Optimization Algorithm

QAP 

Quadratic Assignment Problem

QEC 

Quantum Error Correction

QFT 

Quantum Fourier Transform

QIP 

Quantum Information Processing

QKD 

Quantum Key Distribution

QML 

Quantum Machine Learning

QNN 

Quantum Neural Network

QP 

Quadratic Programming

QPE 

Quantum Phase Estimation

RCNN 

Regionbased Convolutional Neural Network

R2 

Rsquared

RandNN 

Random Neural Network

RANSAC 

RANdom SAmple Consensus

RBAC 

RuleBased Access Control

RBF 

Radial Basis Function

RBFNN 

Radial Basis Function Neural Network

RBM 

Restricted Boltzmann Machine

RDF 

Resource Description Framework

ReAct 

Reason + Act

REALM 

RetrievalAugmented Language Model PreTraining

ReCAPTCHA 

Reverse CAPTCHA

ReLU 

Rectified Linear Unit

REPTree 

Reduced Error Pruning Tree

RETRO 

Retrieval Enhanced Transformer

RF 

Random forest

RFE 

Recursive Feature Elimination

RGB 

Red Green Blue color model

RICNN 

Rotation Invariant Convolutional Neural Network

RIM 

Recurrent Interence Machines

RIPPER 

Repeated Incremental Pruning to Produce Error Reduction

RISE 

Random Interval Spectral Ensemble

RL 

Reinforcement learning

RLFM 

Regression based latent factors

RLHF 

Reinforcement Learning from Human Feedback

RMSE 

Root mean squared error

RMSLE 

Root mean squared logarithmic error

RMSprop 

Root Mean Square Propagation

RNN 

Recurrent neural network

RNNLM 

Recurrent Neural Network Language Model (RNNLM)

RoBERTa 

Robustly Optimized BERT Pretraining Approach

ROC 

Receiver operating characteristic

ROI 

Region Of Interest

ROS 

Robot Operating System

ROUGE 

RecallOriented Understudy for Gisting Evaluation (NLP metric)

RPA 

Robotic Process Automation

RR 

Ridge Regression

RRT 

Rapidlyexploring Random Tree (motion planning algorithm)

RSI 

Recursive selfimprovement

RTRL 

RealTime Recurrent Learning

SA 

Simulated Annealing, Segment Anything

SAM 

Segment Anything Model

SaaS 

Software as a Service

SAC 

Soft ActorCritic

SAE 

Stacked AE

SARSA 

StateActionRewardStateAction

SAT 

Satisfiability Problem

SBAC 

SituationBased Access Control

SBM 

Stochastic block model

SBO 

Structured Bayesian optimization

SBSE 

Searchbased software engineering

SCH 

Stochastic convex hull

SCIP 

Solving Constraint Integer Programs

SDAE 

Stacked DAE

seq2seq 

Sequence to Sequence Learning

SER 

Sentence Error Rate

SGBoost 

Stochastic Gradient Boosting

SGD 

Stochastic gradient descent

SGVB 

Stochastic Gradient Variational Bayes

SHAP 

SHapley Additive exPlanation

SHLLE 

Supervised Hessian Locally Linear Embedding

SIFT 

ScaleInvariant Feature Transform (feature detection)

Sign2(Gloss+Text) 

Sign to Gloss and Text

Sign2Gloss 

A one to one translation from the single sign to the single gloss.

Sign2Text 

A task of full translation from the sign language into the spoken one

SL 

Supervised learning

SLAM 

Simultaneous Localization and Mapping

SLDS 

Switching Linear Dynamical System

SLP 

SingleLayer Perceptron

SLRT 

Sign Language Recognition Transformer

SLT 

Sign Language Translation

SLTT 

Sign Language Translation Transformer

SMA* 

Simplified Memorybounded A* Search Algorithm

SMBO 

Sequential ModelBased Optimization

SMO 

Sequential Minimal Optimization

SMOTE 

Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique

SNN 

Sparse Neural Network

SOM 

SelfOrganizing Map

SOTA 

State of the Art

SPARQL 

SPARQL Protocol and RDF Query Language

Spiking NN 

Spiking Neural Network

SPM 

SentencePiece Model (subword tokenization)

SpRay 

Spectral Relevance Analysis

SSD 

SingleShot Detector

SSL 

SelfSupervised Learning

SSVM 

Smooth support vector machine

ST 

Style transfer

STaR 

SelfTaught Reasoner

STDA 

Style Transfer Data Augmentation

STDP 

Spike TimingDependent Plasticity

STL 

SeltTaught Learning

SUMO 

Simulation of Urban Mobility

SURF 

SpeededUp Robust Features (feature detection)

SVC 

Support Vector Classification

SVD 

Singing Voice Detection

SVM 

Support vector machine

SVR 

Support Vector Regression

SVS 

Singing Voice Separation

SWIProlog 

Semantic Web Interface for Prolog

tSNE 

tdistributed stochastic neighbor embedding

T5 

TextToText Transfer Transformer

TD 

Temporal Difference

TDA 

Targeted Data Augmentation

TDE 

Time Domain Ensemble

tfidf 

term frequency–inverse document frequency

TGAN 

Temporal Generative Adversarial Network

THAID 

THeta Automatic Interaction Detection

TINT 

TreeInterpreter

TL 

Transfer Learning

TLFN 

TimeLagged Feedforward Neural Network

TN 

True negative

TNR 

True negative rate

ToM 

Theory of Mind

TP 

True positive

TPOT 

Treebased Pipeline Optimization Tool

TPR 

True positive rate

TPU 

Tensor Processing Unit

TRPO 

Trust Region Policy Optimization

TS 

Tabu Search

TSF 

Time Series Forest

TSP 

Traveling Salesman Problem

TTS 

TexttoSpeech

UCT 

Upper Confidence bounds applied to Trees (Monte Carlo Tree Search variant)

UDA 

Unsupervised Data Augmentation

UKF 

Unscented Kalman Filter

UL 

Unsupervised learning

ULMFiT 

Universal Language Model FineTuning

UMAP 

Uniform Manifold Approximation and Projection

USM 

Universal Speech Model

VNet 

Volumetric Convolutional neural network

VAD 

Voice Activity Detection

VAE 

Variational AutoEncoder

VGG 

Visual Geometry Group

VHRED 

Variational Hierarchical Recurrent EncoderDecoder

VISSIM 

A traffic simulation software (from "Verkehr In Städten

ViT 

Vision Transformer

VPNN 

Vector Product Neural Network

VQVAE 

Vector Quantized Variational Autoencoders

VQE 

Variational Quantum Eigensolver

VR 

Virtual reality

VRP 

Vehicle Routing Problem

VUI 

Voice User Interface

WCSP 

Weighted Constraint Satisfaction Problem

WER 

Word Error Rate

WFST 

Weighted finitestate transducer (WFST)

WGAN 

Wasserstein Generative Adversarial Network

WMA 

Weighted Majority Algorithm

WPE 

Weighted Prediction Error

XAI 

Explainable Artificial Intelligence

XGBoost 

eXtreme Gradient Boosting

XOR 

Exclusive OR (a common problem in neural networks)

YOLO 

You Only Look Once

ZSL 

ZeroShot Learning
